A statue has been unveiled in Glasgow on International Women’s Day in memory of Mary Barbour, who led the fight against rent increases imposed by Glasgow landlords during World War 1.
In 1915, the Govan-based campaigner led months of protest against landlords who took advantage of the wartime economy to hike up rent for workers, many of whom had come into the city to work in the shipyards and munitions factories. Those who could not pay were evicted.
The city-wide resistance led to around 20,000 tenants going on strike in Glasgow and beyond.
Mrs Barbour also set up tenant’s committees and also co-ordinated eviction resistance – which included throwing flour and water over bailiffs.
The campaign culminated in a large demonstration outside Glasgow Sheriff Court and the city chambers, and within a month Munitions Minister Lloyd George changed the law to reduce rents to pre-war levels across the UK.
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A committee led by former Labour MP Maria Fyfe raised £110,000 through local donations to pay for the new statue.
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Fyfe said: “We hope the legacy of the statue will reconnect the people of Govan with the tremendous social history and heritage and be a beacon of inspiration for women everywhere.”
After 1915, Barbour continued to campaign rigorously to improve housing and social conditions for working people. In 1920 she stood as the Labour candidate for Fairfield ward in Govan, and became one of the city’s first female councillors.
Five years later she helped create the first family planning centre in Glasgow.