Advertisement
Opinion

Universal credit is a lifeline for the UK’s poorest children. Cutting it would be devastating

When Alex Firth spoke to parents relying on universal credit, he heard stories of adults already skipping meals to feed their kids. Cutting the benefit will be devastating, he writes

When I asked Gemma, a single mother in Hackney if she struggled to afford food, she said she had barely eaten all week and that she just drank a lot of water to trick her stomach into feeling full. She said she regularly skipped meals so her son could eat. It had been his birthday the week before and she had no money left. 

Now, on October 6, the government plans to cut the universal credit support she receives from the state, in what UK poverty organisations regard as the single biggest cut to the rate of social security in the UK’s postwar welfare state. This will undoubtedly have a major impact on the lives of millions of low-income families who rely on this already often inadequate social security support to put food on the table, and pay for basics like rent and heating bills.

I have spent recent months researching the crisis in temporary accommodation and homelessness in London, and the women with young children I have spoken to explained the tough reality of life on universal credit. 

Subscribe to The Big Issue

From just £3 per week

Take a print or digital subscription to The Big Issue and provide a critical lifeline to our work.

On September 16, a non-binding vote in parliament called on the government to cancel the proposed cut. On September 17, the United Nations expert on poverty and human rights, Olivier De Schutter, said he considers the cut “unconscionable” and made public a letter in which he told the UK government that the cut is “likely to leave millions of universal credit recipients struggling to meet their daily expenses.”

The number of people claiming universal credit has doubled since the start of the pandemic to nearly six million. Just under half of the households include children, and half of those are with children under the age of five.

Government cuts to support affect low-income families’ economic and social rights – like their rights to food, housing, or social security. When I have asked low-income families living in precarious housing across the capital if their benefits payments were adequate, most were grateful for what they were given, but highlighted that they often still needed to visit their local food bank just to make ends meet.

Advertisement
Advertisement

A few broke down in tears when I probed further. Laila, mother to a 6-year-old boy living in the borough of Wandsworth, told me that her benefits payments do not cover her basic needs. She visits a food bank often, but finds asking for help shameful. She tries to go at when she thinks it will be quiet and limits herself to taking only nappies and baby wipes for her son.

Another woman, Caroline, is pregnant and a mother to two young boys, living in the borough of Croydon. She told me the cut to her universal credit would be devastating. She said she is unable to work at the moment and does not know how she will continue to afford the things her sons need for school, or how she will manage when the new baby arrives. She relies on food parcels from charities to feed her family.

The government’s justification for the cut is that it was a Covid-19 pandemic relief measure that has now run its course. However, long before the pandemic, people on universal credit were struggling to make ends meet. A Conservative former minister responsible for social security, Stephen Crabb, spoke powerfully during the debate in parliament explaining why, on reflection, he now accepted that the levels of social security support are inadequate and that the £20 per week should be maintained.

Support The Big Issue

Give your local vendor a hand up and buy the magazine

Each of our vendors buy their copies of the mag for £1.50 each, selling them for £3 and keeping the difference. Visit our interactive map to find your nearest vendor.

This proposed cut would violate the UK’s international human rights obligations to progressively realise people’s right to an adequate standard of living. This is something Human Rights Watch has pointed out to parliamentarians and which the UN’s expert on extreme poverty has made clear to the government.

Under international human rights law, regressive measures such as this are only allowed in very limited circumstances. An assessment would be needed that the maximum available resources are being used, and that the impact on people’s basic human rights is minimal and temporary. The government said recently that no such assessment will be taking place, although news reports have suggested that it did but remains unpublished. 

It is bad enough that parents are going without food so that their children can eat. Now the government wants to cut away the lifeline in place for the millions of families, and children, who rely on it. The UK government claims they want to build back better, they should start by keeping, not cutting, universal credit, and then taking measures to really lift millions out of poverty. 

Alex Firth is a senior children’s rights associate at Human Rights Watch.

Advertisement

Bigger Issues need bigger solutions

Big Issue Group is creating new solutions through enterprise to unlock opportunities for the 14.5 million people living in poverty to earn, learn and thrive. Big Issue Group brings together our media and investment initiatives as well as a diverse and pioneering range of new solutions, all of which aim to dismantle poverty by creating opportunity. Learn how you can change lives today.

Recommended for you

Read All
We can make our streets greener, happier and safer. This is how
Jon Burke

We can make our streets greener, happier and safer. This is how

The Secret Civil Servant: We come up with solutions and ministers ignore them
The Secret Civil Servant

The Secret Civil Servant: We come up with solutions and ministers ignore them

In a tent in Devon, having a field day
John Bird

In a tent in Devon, having a field day

Afghan refugees have the right to a warm welcome
Enver Solomon

Afghan refugees have the right to a warm welcome

Most Popular

Read All
Oil giants Shell and BP have been handed £700m of taxpayer cash despite bumper profits
1.

Oil giants Shell and BP have been handed £700m of taxpayer cash despite bumper profits

What are the risks of Don't Pay UK? We asked a leading lawyer
2.

What are the risks of Don't Pay UK? We asked a leading lawyer

How broken is the UK's public transport? I spent all day on buses to find out
3.

How broken is the UK's public transport? I spent all day on buses to find out

Sadiq Khan's Right to Buy-back scheme leads to return of 1,500 council homes
4.

Sadiq Khan's Right to Buy-back scheme leads to return of 1,500 council homes

Keep up to date with the Big Issue. The leading voice on life, politics, culture and social activism direct to your inbox.